Tag Archives: Abu Talib

The Year of Grief

28 Dec

Ibn al-Wardi’s History:

In the tenth year of Nubuwwah, Abu Talib passed away, and a few days after that Lady Khadijah left this world. After their passing away, the Quresh increased their persecution of the Rasool. Foremost among the persecutors were Abu Lahab, Hakam bin ‘Aas and ‘Aqba’ bin Abi Mu’eet.

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Abu Talib’s Protection of the Rasool

18 Dec

Tareekh of Abul Fida:

One day some men from Quresh, including ‘Atba, Shaiba, Abu Sufyan, Abu Jahl, Waleed ibn Mughaira, and ‘Aas bin Wael, came to Abu Talib and said: Your nephew calls our beliefs false and says that our ancestors were misled. Either stop him from saying all this or stop aiding him, else there will be a war until one of our groups is destroyed. Abu Talib went into the house and related to Muhammad all that the Quresh had said. Rasoolallah replied: My uncle, if these people put the sun in my right hand and the moon in my left, I will not stop doing what is right. Abu Talib said: Do what you have to do. I will never abandon your support.

 

Abu Talib recited some couplets:

O Muhammad, you called me to Islam and I knew that you were truthful

Certainly I believed that the religion of Muhammad is the best of religions

By God, as long as I am alive, none from Quresh can harm you.

 

These lines of poetry clearly indicate that Abu Talib believed in Muhammad’s message from the bottom of his heart.

Zul-‘Asheera

15 Dec

Baheeqi in Dalael un-Nubuwwah; Tafsir Khazin Baghdadi; Suyooti in Jam’ul Jawame’; Alauddin Ali in Kanzul-Ummal; Ibn Jurair Tabari in Tareekhur-Rusul wal Mulook; Tareekh of Kamil ibn Atheer; Tareekh of Abul Fida, etc. all narrate from Ali ibne Abi Talib:

When the Ayat, “wa unzur ‘asheeratakal aqrabeen…” was revealed, Rasoolallah called me and said that Allah had ordered him to invite his relatives towards Islam. He ordered me to get a measure of rice, a leg of goat and a big jug of milk and to gather the tribe of Abdul Muttalib together. I followed Rasool’s orders and about 40 men gathered, including Abu Talib, Hamza, Abbas and Abu Lahab. Rasool served the food, which was enough for one man but all the 40 men ate to their fill. Then Rasool tried to address them but Abu Lahab said that his nephew (i.e. Rasoolallah) had performed magic. Then everyone scattered and Rasool did not get a chance to speak. At the order of Rasool, I gathered the tribe of Abdul Muttalib once again the next day. I complied, and after food, Rasool addressed the gathering and said: O Bani Abdul Muttalib, I have brought to you the good of this world and the hereafter. Allah has appointed me to call you to Him, so who will be my assistant in this affair and be my brother, my vicegerent and successor? No one answered but in spite of my meagre years, I said: O Messenger of Allah, I am here to assist you in this task. Rasool put his hand affectionately on my neck and (addressing the others) said: Among you, he is my brother, my vicegerent and my successor. Hearing this, everyone got up laughing and said to Abu Talib: Here, you have been ordered to obey Ali.

Declaration of Risalat and the First Muslims

10 Dec

Abul Fida:

When Rasool was 40, he received Allah’s command to declare his Risalat (Be’that). His wife, Lady Khadija was the first person to accept Islam. According to an authentic hadith of Rasool, there are many men who are perfect in Eeman but there are only 4 women who are perfect, and the four are: (1) Aasia, wife of Fir’oun; (2) Mariam bint Imran; (3) Khadija bint Khwailad; and (4) Fatima bint Muhammad.

The following books, among many others, state that Ali ibn Abi Talib was the first among men to accept Islam: Seerah of Ibn Hisham; Kitab al-isaba of Ibn Hajar; Isti’yab of Ibn Abdul Bar Maliki.

Marriage with Lady Khadija

9 Dec

Abul Fida:

When Rasool was 25, Khadija bint Khweelad, who was one of the richest business women of Arabia in those times, heard of his trustworthiness and requested him to lead a trade caravan to Syria for her. Rasool accepted and made a successful trade trip to Syria. In this journey, he was accompanied by Mysara, a servant of Lady Khadija. Upon his return, Mysara praised Muhammad and related to Khadija Muhammad’s excellent qualities that he had observed during the journey. He also related that whenever Muhammad went under the hot sun, there would always be a shade that would move with him. Hearing all this, Khadija was extremely impressed and proposed marriage. Rasool accepted this proposal and married Lady Khadija.* Rasool never married another woman as long as Khadija was alive.

*The ceremony of the Nikah of Rasool Allah and Lady Khadija was performed by Abu Talib.

Guardianship of the Rasool

8 Dec

Tareekh-e Abul Fida:

Rasool’s mother, Amena, passed away when he was six years old. His grandfather, Abdul Muttalib, who was his guardian, passed away when he was eight and then his guardianship passed to his uncle, Abu Talib.

Seerat an-Nabawiya:

On his deathbed, Abdul Muttalib handed over the guardianship of the Messenger of Allah to Abu Talib who – like his father Abdul Muttalib himself, considered alcohol haram (forbidden). Abu Talib loved Muhammad more than he loved his own sons.